Re: Devanagari and half-consonant forms

From: RajKumar (
Date: Tue Nov 23 1999 - 01:26:22 EST

On Mon, 22 Nov 1999, Mark Leisher wrote:

I am no expert in Devanagari or in Hindi but in all the Hindi i studied or
seen the kka is represented by the liguature in the fig kk2. What i did
not understand is that in what situation the kk1 is used and what is the
difference between the two. Also what should be done if i have to get two
ka s side by side ie just kaka no liguature or a conjunct
> I recently became aware of some confusion about the role of the Unicode ZWJ
> (Zero-Width Joiner) in Devanagari consonant glyph formation.
> The short answer is that ZWJ is really only necessary to prevent two
> consonants from forming *a conjunct or a ligature*. ZWJ is not necessary
> otherwise, because the process of "killing" the vowel causes the normal
> formation of the half-consonant in the expected places.
> Attached are two small images that show how the ZWJ is used to inhibit
> sub-joined conjunct formation.
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Mark Leisher
> Computing Research Lab I have never made but one prayer to God,
> New Mexico State University a very short one:
> Box 30001, Dept. 3CRL "Oh Lord, make my enemies ridiculous."
> Las Cruces, NM 88003 And God granted it. -- Voltaire, letter

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