Re: unicode and malayalam

From: Chookij Vanatham (
Date: Thu Dec 02 1999 - 13:35:21 EST

] Date: Thu, 02 Dec 1999 09:29:07 -0800 (PST)
] From: RajKumar <>
] Subject: unicode and malayalam
] To: Unicode List <>
] MIME-version: 1.0
] hello all,
] i have some confusion regarding the ZWJ ZWNJ and their use
wrt malayalam.
] 1. as far as i know half consonents are absent in
malayalam. so what is
] the effect of a ZWJ in between two consonents. insted of
the half forms we
] normally use the virama between two consonents that do not
have a seperate
] glyph, and this can be done by using the ZWNJ
As I understand, the rule of the malayalam rendering would
be the same as the rule defined in Devanagari.
So, if ZWJ is in between two consonants and this means there
is no VIRAMA after the first consonant, both consonants
will not be ligature or joined and each consonant will be
rendered as the normal glyph form.

If there is VIRAMA between the first consonant and the
second consonant, then these 2 consonants will be ligature
or joined. As you mentioned that usually use "virama"
between two consonants and there is no half consonant form,
so, I think even either ZWJ or ZWNJ is between VIRAMA and
the second consonant, the rendering of these conjuncted
consonants would be the same as "CONS + VIRAMA + CONS",
unless there are ligature form or half form.

Just want to point out that VIRAMA is required in between
2 consonants in order to have "conjuncted consonant form".

Chookij v.

] 2. In malayalam their can be two equally valid ways of
representing the
] glyphs of some consonent conbination. like CA+CA. is their
any way of
] identifying the exact glyph form.
] raj

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.2 : Tue Jul 10 2001 - 17:20:56 EDT