Re: Historians- what is origin of i18n, l10n, etc.?

From: Tex Texin (
Date: Thu Oct 10 2002 - 16:14:31 EDT

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    >From the books I looked at this morning, the term "localization" was
    very much in use in the late 80s by most vendors.
    It seems "internationalization" came later, and was more vendor specific
    until 92/93.
    Then came i18n.
    then came l10n, g11n, e13n (europeanization), j10n (japanization)...

    Barry Caplan wrote:
    > At 08:35 AM 10/10/2002 -0700, Rick wrote:
    > >The earliest reference I can find to "i18n" in my old e-mail trail is the
    > >following e-mail to the "sun!unicode" mail list by Glenn Wright. This was
    > >Oct 5, 1989. By that time, the term was definitely current, as Mr. Hiura
    > >suggests.
    > I registered around 94 or so, and the fellow, whose name I am trying hard to recall (first name JR, Australian or British IIRC, red hair), seemed to indicate the coinage was quite some time before that and he was very surprised when I told him how extensive the usage was by then.
    > I'm a jonny-come-lately when it comes to unix and other standards history... is there an searchable archive of windows standards anywhere? How about a cvs server of code? It seems to me that i18n or variants could have made it into code as a function name almost immediately, or possibly even before being put into a standards doc....
    > It seems to me that l10n was extant by the time I came to CA ~ 1992.
    > Perhaps Ken Lunde can shed some light - he surely came across a lot of early docs while writing his first book, which was a republication of an online archive he maintained I think.
    > Barry

    Tex Texin   cell: +1 781 789 1898
    Xen Master                
    Making e-Business Work Around the World

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