Missing Phonetic Symbols (A-M)

From: David Starner (prosfilaes@gmail.com)
Date: Mon Apr 25 2005 - 01:08:31 CST

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    My library has a book called the Phonetic Symbol Guide, by Geoffrey K.
    Pullum and William A. Ladusaw (1986) listing all the phonetic symbols
    they could find and their meanings. This is a list of the ones I can't
    find in Unicode. This isn't to imply they should be. (Many of the
    characters I don't mention can't be found precomposed, but that
    shouldn't be a problem in theory.)

    Reversed Turned Script A - Mentioned by Kurath (1939), for an
    unrounded low back vowel. "Not in general use", "Extremely rare".

    A-O Ligature - Proposed by Trager (1964) for a higher-low front
    rounded vowel. "A Trager suggestion that never caught on."

    Inverted Small Capital A - Proposed by Trager (1964) to represent a
    higher low central unrounded vowel. Another Trager "suggestion [that]
    apparently never caught on."

    Small Capital A-O Ligature - Proposed by Trager (1964) for a low front
    rounded vowel. "Not in use"

    Small Capital Delta - Proposed by Trager (1964) for a mid back
    unrounded vowel. "A Trager suggestion that never caught on."

    Barred B (with a line across the bowl): used by Pike and Smalley for a
    voiced bilabial fricative. "still sometimes found: see e.g. the
    transcriptions in Danesi (1982)." Also seen in Meillet and Cohen

    Slashed B: "typographical variant of barred or crossed _b_", see Joos
    (1966) where a barred B was reprinted as a slashed B

    Barred C: voiceless flat palato-alveolar frivative; proposed by
    Smalley (1963); also used by Meillet and Cohen (1952) for voiceless
    palatal fricative.

    Barred D: voiced interdental frivative; Pike (1947), Smalley (1963),
    Danesi (1982).

    Slashed D: "May occasionally be found for a voiced interdental
    fricative, IPA [eth], though we have not been able to locate a printed

    D with Upper-left Hook (hook attached to top of bowl): Used by Daniel
    Jones to indicate a voiced retroflex stop, esp. Sinhalese. Replaced by
    IPA usage in 1927. See Jones and Laver (1973).

    Reversed E (lowercase, not 01DD): Suggested in JIPA 5 for a half-close
    central unrounded vowel. Used by Abercrombie (1967) and Catford
    (1977), Kurath (1939) and Trager (1964).

    Small Capital F: Kurath (1939), for "presumably a voiceless
    frictionless labiodental approximant."

    Barred G (through loop): Pike and Smally for voiced velar fricative.

    Crossed G (through descender): Jespersen (1949) and Meillet and Cohen
    (1952) for voiced velar fricative. (=01E5?)

    Front- and Back-tailed Gamma: Proposed by Trager. "These suggestions
    never caught on."

    Hooktop H with rightward tail: Prokosh (1939) for a voiceless fortis
    velar fricative. "it could simply be a form of italic hooktop _h_ with
    an exaggerated right leg."

    Heng: Yuen-Ren Chao (1934), used half-seriously for h and eng in
    English phonemics. "Included here [...] because calling it _heng_
    allowed us to devise a name for the otherwise unnameable <hooktop

    Hooktop J (hook attached to dot): Smalley (1963) for a palatal
    implosive, also Ladefoged (1971) and Maddieson (1984)

    Barred J (dotted): Smalley (1963) for a voiced flat palato-alveolar
    fricative; Hyman (1975) as a voiced palatal stop.

    Hooktop Barred Dotless J: Palatal implosive, used by Ladefoged (1971)
    and Maddieson (1984)

    Crossed K (ascender): Meillet and Cohen (1952) for a "voiceless
    "velar" fricative".

    I'm sure there's a few above that are actually in the charts
    somewhere, but hopefully not too many.

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