From: David Starner (email@example.com)
Date: Mon Apr 25 2005 - 01:08:31 CST
My library has a book called the Phonetic Symbol Guide, by Geoffrey K.
Pullum and William A. Ladusaw (1986) listing all the phonetic symbols
they could find and their meanings. This is a list of the ones I can't
find in Unicode. This isn't to imply they should be. (Many of the
characters I don't mention can't be found precomposed, but that
shouldn't be a problem in theory.)
Reversed Turned Script A - Mentioned by Kurath (1939), for an
unrounded low back vowel. "Not in general use", "Extremely rare".
A-O Ligature - Proposed by Trager (1964) for a higher-low front
rounded vowel. "A Trager suggestion that never caught on."
Inverted Small Capital A - Proposed by Trager (1964) to represent a
higher low central unrounded vowel. Another Trager "suggestion [that]
apparently never caught on."
Small Capital A-O Ligature - Proposed by Trager (1964) for a low front
rounded vowel. "Not in use"
Small Capital Delta - Proposed by Trager (1964) for a mid back
unrounded vowel. "A Trager suggestion that never caught on."
Barred B (with a line across the bowl): used by Pike and Smalley for a
voiced bilabial fricative. "still sometimes found: see e.g. the
transcriptions in Danesi (1982)." Also seen in Meillet and Cohen
Slashed B: "typographical variant of barred or crossed _b_", see Joos
(1966) where a barred B was reprinted as a slashed B
Barred C: voiceless flat palato-alveolar frivative; proposed by
Smalley (1963); also used by Meillet and Cohen (1952) for voiceless
Barred D: voiced interdental frivative; Pike (1947), Smalley (1963),
Slashed D: "May occasionally be found for a voiced interdental
fricative, IPA [eth], though we have not been able to locate a printed
D with Upper-left Hook (hook attached to top of bowl): Used by Daniel
Jones to indicate a voiced retroflex stop, esp. Sinhalese. Replaced by
IPA usage in 1927. See Jones and Laver (1973).
Reversed E (lowercase, not 01DD): Suggested in JIPA 5 for a half-close
central unrounded vowel. Used by Abercrombie (1967) and Catford
(1977), Kurath (1939) and Trager (1964).
Small Capital F: Kurath (1939), for "presumably a voiceless
frictionless labiodental approximant."
Barred G (through loop): Pike and Smally for voiced velar fricative.
Crossed G (through descender): Jespersen (1949) and Meillet and Cohen
(1952) for voiced velar fricative. (=01E5?)
Front- and Back-tailed Gamma: Proposed by Trager. "These suggestions
never caught on."
Hooktop H with rightward tail: Prokosh (1939) for a voiceless fortis
velar fricative. "it could simply be a form of italic hooktop _h_ with
an exaggerated right leg."
Heng: Yuen-Ren Chao (1934), used half-seriously for h and eng in
English phonemics. "Included here [...] because calling it _heng_
allowed us to devise a name for the otherwise unnameable <hooktop
Hooktop J (hook attached to dot): Smalley (1963) for a palatal
implosive, also Ladefoged (1971) and Maddieson (1984)
Barred J (dotted): Smalley (1963) for a voiced flat palato-alveolar
fricative; Hyman (1975) as a voiced palatal stop.
Hooktop Barred Dotless J: Palatal implosive, used by Ladefoged (1971)
and Maddieson (1984)
Crossed K (ascender): Meillet and Cohen (1952) for a "voiceless
I'm sure there's a few above that are actually in the charts
somewhere, but hopefully not too many.
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