Re: chairless hamza (in reply to Khaled)

From: arno (
Date: Fri Jan 04 2008 - 12:40:20 CST

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    Khaled Hosny wrote Freitag, 4. Januar 2008 um 18:55
    to John Hudson and others:

    Khaled Hosny> Exactly, I'm proposing a "Quranic Hamza" to be used for
    Khaled Hosny> chairless Hamza in Quranic text, not different Hamzas
    Khaled Hosny> according to context.

    I think this is not necessary, and as far as Arabic is concerned, I am
    pretty sure. But we have to take all languages written with the Arabic
    script into account, and in that field some people who have written
    books on Writing Systems or work for International Companies might help.
    Outside special Quranic othograhIES chairless hamza is not joined.
    As far has I know, in MSA there is no chairless hamza after a dual
    joining letter AND at the same time before a dual- or right joining letter.
    What I claim, is this:
    In Unicode there are two kinds of hamza for Arabic (and some exotic ones):
    chaired hamza. i.e. above or below alef, above (or below) yeh, above waw
                         (( I put or below in parenthesis because this
                            handled now by font technology.))
    chairless hamza, which occurs in MSA only after right-joining letters
                            -- or am I wrong??
    This chairless hamza is used in ONE of many Qur'anic orthographies
    in initial position, where it is non joining,
    between lam and alef, where it is transparent, and
    after other dual-joining letters, where it sits above a connectiong stroke.
    This hamza -- not having a sit / chair /carrier -- is U+0621,
    but U+0621 is defined as non-joining.
    Was tun?

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