From: Khaled Hosny (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Fri Jan 04 2008 - 15:52:04 CST
On Fri, Jan 04, 2008 at 07:40:20PM +0100, arno wrote:
> Khaled Hosny wrote Freitag, 4. Januar 2008 um 18:55
> to John Hudson and others:
> Khaled Hosny> Exactly, I'm proposing a "Quranic Hamza" to be used for
> Khaled Hosny> chairless Hamza in Quranic text, not different Hamzas
> Khaled Hosny> according to context.
> I think this is not necessary, and as far as Arabic is concerned, I am
> pretty sure. But we have to take all languages written with the Arabic
> script into account, and in that field some people who have written books
> on Writing Systems or work for International Companies might help.
> Outside special Quranic othograhIES chairless hamza is not joined.
> As far has I know, in MSA there is no chairless hamza after a dual joining
> letter AND at the same time before a dual- or right joining letter.
> What I claim, is this:
> In Unicode there are two kinds of hamza for Arabic (and some exotic ones):
> chaired hamza. i.e. above or below alef, above (or below) yeh, above waw
> (( I put or below in parenthesis because this
> handled now by font technology.))
> chairless hamza, which occurs in MSA only after right-joining letters
> -- or am I wrong??
According to the book published here
http://www.islamguiden.com/arabi/index.htm, which is written by an
Arabic language a scholar and member of Academy of the Arabic Language
in Cairo (according to the site), Hamza in the middle always have a
chair unless it is after right-joining letters. The other cases where it
should be chairless in Quranic Arabic, it got replaced by Hamza on Yeh
Alef, شيئا and يسأل for example
-- Khaled Hosny
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