Re: Original Aim of Unicode

From: Asmus Freytag <>
Date: Sun, 12 Jun 2011 13:50:49 -0700

On 6/12/2011 6:01 AM, tulasi wrote:
> What is current objective of Unicode Incorporate?
> This incorporate is registered in California and is a private company.

> What is the current objective of Unicode Consortium?
> What are the differences between both Unicode Incorporate and Unicode
> Consortium?
> Is Unicode Consortium a private company as well?

As I was involved, at the time, when the Consortium was founded, let me
try to explain a few things - hopefully, they will help you overcome
some of your confusion in these matters. In case that others are puzzled
by similar questions I will give you a very brief explanation - based on
my personal understanding of these matters.

Unicode, Inc. and The Unicode Consortium are two names for the same
thing. There's no difference.

That fact that there are two names, as well as the fact that Unicode
happens to be registered in California are merely some of the legal
details, and not the most interesting ones.

There are other legal details, such as the fact that the Consortium is a
not-for-profit entity, and that it is a membership organization.
Ultimately, that means that there's nobody that "owns" the Consortium,
the way private owners "own" a private company.

In many other countries, you can register societies, associations and
other membership organizations explicitly with a special type of entity.
Because of differences in legal systems, the registration of Unicode,
Inc., looks in many ways like that of an ordinary private company - on

For that reason, the name "The Unicode Consortium" has been chosen as an
alternate name, because "Consortium" makes clear to all what kind of
membership organization this is. The reason it was incorporated in
California lies in the fact that the majority of the most active
contributors and of the early members had a connection to that state -
at the time when the Consortium was founded.

The membership has long since expanded to include many organizations
that are based quite far from California. In fact, the membership is in
a sense world-wide. It is the members that decide on the objectives of a
membership organization.

As for the objectives of the Consortium, those are all set out in some
detail on the Consortium's web page, and in the publications of the

Hoping that clears up a few things,


PS; I do not think this list is an appropriate place to get into the
legal arcana or other formal details, so please do not take this as an
invitation to start a discussion on these subjects.
> Tulasi
> On Sun, May 29, 2011 at 7:30 PM, Asmus Freytag <
> <>> wrote:
> On 5/29/2011 6:36 PM, Richard Wordingham wrote:
>> On Mon, 30 May 2011 01:35:50 +0100
>> wrote:
>>> Richard Wordingham wrote:
>>>> - there was a time when Unicode was not intended to ultimately
>>>> encode every script.
>>> This is not true. The Universal Character Set is intended to be
>>> universal.
Received on Sun Jun 12 2011 - 15:54:14 CDT

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