Re: Caron / Hacek?

From: John Hudson (
Date: Tue Mar 04 2003 - 15:10:50 EST

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    At 11:35 AM 3/4/2003, Frank da Cruz wrote:

    >I just noticed that upper and/or lower case letters D, I, L, and T
    >with caron (hacek) are sometimes displayed with an apostrophe instead
    >of a caron (and sometimes not). Is there any rhyme or reason to

    In the Slovak orthography, the lowercase d, l and t are normally written
    with the 'apostrophe' form of the accent. Of the uppercase letters, only
    the L should normally be written with the 'apostrophe' form of the accent;
    the D and T should be written with the normal caron/hacek form. The C/c and
    Z/z are written with the caron/hacek form in both upper and lowercase. The
    reason for the distinction is, I believe, that the d, l and t with the
    aprostrophe mark indicate palatalisation (softening) of the unmarked
    consonant, whereas the c and z with caron indicate distinct consonants. In
    the uppercase letters, presumably because of the lack of convenient space
    for the apostrophe relative to the T and D, this form of the mark is only
    retained for L.

    John Hudson

    Tiro Typeworks
    Vancouver, BC

    It is necessary that by all means and cunning,
    the cursed owners of books should be persuaded
    to make them available to us, either by argument
    or by force. - Michael Apostolis, 1467

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