Re: Devanagari and half-consonant forms

From: John Hudson (
Date: Tue Nov 23 1999 - 15:05:21 EST

At 10:14 AM 23-11-99 -0800, Mark Leisher wrote:

>I would like to point out that the formation of conjuncts is dependent on the
>renderer and what is available in the font. Different editors may provide
>different default forms.

Indeed. The ZWJ character is simply a means of explicitly determining a
particular rendering: the use of a half-form consonant in a conjunct rather
than a ligature form. This presupposes that the ligature form is the
default behaviour for the rendering system and is present in the font. If
no ligature form is supported in the font, for whatever reason, the
half-form consonant will be the default rendering and should be used
whether the text is entered with the ZWJ character or without. Consistent
and proper implementation of the ZWJ character in fonts and text systems
should enable the user to switch between fonts with different glyph sets
without risk of textual maiming.

John Hudson

Tiro Typeworks
Vancouver, BC

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