Re: [idn] IDN spoofing

From: George W Gerrity (
Date: Sat Feb 19 2005 - 19:42:46 CST

  • Next message: Patrick Andries: "Re: orthographies"

    It has been stated quite clearly that the problem of spoofing TLD tags
    should not exist because the authority for a given TLD can (and should)
    accept only one coding for a TLD tag. However, where the TLD tag is a
    country code, second-level TLD tags can (and should) also be unique
    (eg,, I don't think that has been stated clearly

    For the second-level (or third-level where the top is a country code)
    domain tag, it should be the legal responsibility of the name
    authorities for the domain above to ensure that spoofed names cannot be
    registered (or if registered, all belong to one owner). In the Western
    world, if that is not already the case, then I'm sure that the first
    time a spoof of, say Coca-Cola (or Pepsi — let's be even-handed) is
    registered, then we can be certain that afterwards, the issuing
    authority will never do it again.

    In the case of countries whose law systems are still a bit wild and
    wooly (The former Soviet Union?), then I suspect that for the time
    being it will remain ‘Caveat Emptor’. In either case, a domain name
    holder should be able to license all spoofs for free, in order to limit
    its exposure to spoofing, whether or not there is adequate legal

    The point I'm making is that while the authorities for or may do what they like, we can at least give them advice plus
    some tables that will detect many, if not most, spoofs. In the case
    where the authority allows (for whatever reason) a name with mixed
    orthographies, then clearly the first to apply whose signature is not a
    spoof for an (already well-established) trade-marked name or domain
    name, should get the license, and all other applicants with a similar
    name be refused. The name authority should be protected by the laws of
    the countries in which it operates from being sued for refusing to
    register confusable names.

    Thus, our rôle reduces to providing some automatic methods to help the
    authorities deal with the homograph problem, and we can quit discussing
    the question of how to enforce authorities to adopt sensible naming
    conventions: that ultimately belongs to the realm of law and


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