Re: Generic base characters

From: Christopher Fynn (
Date: Wed Jul 18 2007 - 04:11:17 CDT

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    In a few important Tibetan texts such as Longchenpa's / Dzo Dun/ and in
    the /Nyingma Gyudbum / a number of combinations like:


    occur . In this case they are not abbreviations but some kind of
    esoteric syllable . I'm currently trying to get a couple of Tibetan
    fonts to render these, and other unusual combinations (including those
    you mention below), properly.

    - Chris

    Andrew West wrote:
    > On 17/07/07, Sinnathurai Srivas <> wrote:
    >> Also Tamil Grammar specifically states that if longer than long
    >> vowels are
    >> needed then add/accumulate more of the required vowel characters.
    >> there for Unicode has a bug, by not allowing Grammar to take charge.
    > I don't know about Tamil, but I suspect that this is a rendering issue
    > rather than a Unicode design bug.
    > In standard Tibetan orthography only a single vowel sign may be
    > attached to a consonant stack, but in non-standard orthography used
    > for shorthand contractions multiple vowels may be attached to the same
    > stack. For example the contraction bskyeeed བསྐྱེེེད <0F56 0F66 0F90
    > 0FB1 0F7A 0F7A 0F7A 0F51> with three stacked /e/ vowel signs
    > represents bskyed bskyed bskyed བསྐྱེད་བསྐྱེད་བསྐྱེད (and I believe
    > that forms with four or more stacked vowel signs occur although I
    > haven't encountered any such examples yet). On my system this and some
    > other multi-vowel stacks such as kii ཀིི <0F40 0F72 0F72> render
    > incorrectly with a dotted circle before the last vowel sign. But I
    > take this to be a deficiency in the Tibetan fonts available to me
    > rather than a design flaw in the Unicode Tibetan model.
    > Andrew

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